What’s an NFT?

NFT

NFTs are currently sweeping the world of digital art and collectibles. Digital artists are witnessing a change in their lives thanks to the huge sale of new cryptocurrencies to an audience. And celebrities who have discovered new opportunities to connect with their fans are also participating. But digital art is just one way to use NFTs. In fact, they can be used to represent ownership of any unique asset, such as a certificate of an item in the digital or physical domain. 

If Andy Warhol was born in the late ’90s, he probably made Campbell’s Soup as an NFT. It’s only a matter of time before Kanye puts a lot of Yeezys on Ethereum. And one day, car ownership could be proved by an NFT. 

An NFT is a token that can be used to represent ownership of a unique item. It can symbolize art, collectibles, and even real estate. They can only have one official owner at a time and are protected by the Ethereum blockchain, which means you cannot change the proof of ownership or copy/paste new NFTs. 

NFT stands for irreplaceable token. Non-substitutable is an economic term that can be used to describe furniture, song files, computers, and so on. These have unique characteristics and are not compatible with other items. Substitutable items, on the other hand, are tradeable because they are defined by values ​​rather than unique properties. For example, 1 ETH / 1 USD can be exchanged for 1 ETH / 1 USD, so ETH or dollars are substitutable.

In NFT, unlike ERC20 tokens such as DAI and LINK, each token is completely unique and cannot be split. NFTs provide the ability to assign or claim ownership of  unique digital data that can be tracked as a public ledger using the Ethereum blockchain. NFTs are formed from digital objects as a representation of digital or non-digital assets.  NFT can be expressed as follows, for example, Digital Art:

  • GIF
  • Collectibles 
  • Music 
  • Video

Real-World Items

  • Car Documents 
  • Real Event Tickets  
  • Tokenized Invoices 
  • Legal Documents 
  • Signatures 

The NFT can only have one owner at a time. Ownership is managed through unique IDs and metadata that cannot be replicated with other tokens. NFTs are characterized by smart contracts that assign ownership and manage the portability of NFTs. When someone creates or molds an NFT, they execute the code stored in smart contracts that comply with various standards such as ERC721.

What makes an NFT so valuable? 

Anyone can tokenize their work and offer it as an NFT. However, recent headlines describing millions of dollars in purchases are in the spotlight. Nyan Cat is a 2011 meme depicting a flying cat on a pop cake. Meanwhile, the animated version of Nyan Cat sold for over $ 500,000. A few weeks later, some of Grimes’ digital art was generally auctioned for over $ 6 million. Art is not only sold tokenized but everything else.

Art is not the only thing that can be tokenized and sold. Twitter’s first tweet, the NFT, was promoted by founder Jack Dorsey and sold for over $ 2.5 million. CROSSROADS was created in response to the 2020 presidential election and provided through the Nifty Gateway. Blockchain technology is used to review all Beeple NFT work, including CROSSROADS. Includes encrypted files and digital signatures, so buyers can rest assured that their purchase is legitimate.

Why do people buy NFTs? 

Recently, Rodriguez Frere told Insider that soaring Bitcoin, Covid’s pandemic, and distrust of the US dollar caused the worst. A few days ago, Bitcoin set a new record of over $ 60,000 for the first time. Since the outbreak of COVID19, people have begun to save money. Last year, 59% of people with incomes over $ 100,000 significantly increased their savings. NFTs are another way for people to invest now that the US currency seems to be the worst in history. According to RodriguezFraile, this is a modern approach to investing in art and using it in the same way that someone spends gold or bitcoin.

The future for NFTs

Younger generations are already accustomed to owning digital treasures as a store of value, and society is constantly shifting from physical media to virtual experiences and environments. Radio stations can use tokens to secure the right to broadcast music, but streaming services may make it easier to get rights to movies and TV shows.

The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of The World Financial Review.