Whether you’re purchasing equipment or stocking up on goods, every dollar you invest in your company should generate revenue or help you increase earnings. Asset utilization ratios may be pretty helpful in determining how well you are performing compared to your peers. Indeed, financial ratios and financial statement analysis are frequently used by lenders and investors. It enables them to conduct a valuation using just publicly available information supplied by the firm. One of the measures used to assess corporate performance is the fixed asset turnover ratio. It is instrumental in capital-intensive industries such as manufacturing.
While ratios alone cannot prove how efficiently a company uses its fixed assets, they may provide a comprehensive picture of a company’s performance and asset management when coupled with other research.
Asset Turnover Ratio
This is a ratio used to calculate the value of sales generated in an organization for each unit of asset utilized. It is beneficial for identifying better ways of generating income from available assets as well as assessing a firm’s efficiency.
A high asset turnover ratio implies that the company’s assets are well employed, whereas a low asset turnover ratio means that the company’s assets are underutilized. It is used to assess the effectiveness of both short-term and long-term assets. Asset turnover presupposes that every asset is employed to generate income.
Fixed Assets Turnover Ratio
This is the company’s sales value in relation to its value of the fixed assets, which include plant, property, and equipment. It assesses a company’s capacity to employ fixed assets to generate revenue while also assessing its operational success. A lower fixed asset turnover indicates ineffective use of fixed assets in creating income, whereas a higher fixed asset turnover indicates effective use of fixed assets in income generation.
Summary of the Ratios
Asset turnover is a ratio that compares the total income earned in an organization for each unit of asset utilized. It is calculated by dividing net sales value by the average total assets of the company. On the other hand, fixed asset turnover refers to the sales value in proportion to the value of a company’s fixed assets. It’s calculated by dividing the net value of sales by the value of total fixed assets.
The Implication of Fixed Asset Turnover Ratios
Fixed Asset Turnover is a measure of efficiency. It indicates how well a firm uses its fixed assets to produce money, also known as return on assets. Using a manufacturing firm as an example, this ratio indicates how well the company uses every dollar invested in gear and equipment to create revenue.
This ratio is beneficial for lenders giving funds for new equipment or investors estimating future sales income and cash flow based on asset acquisitions. For example, if a manufacturing business is inefficient at producing income from one of its sites, lenders and investors will hesitate to finance a new facility’s growth.
Higher Vs. Lower Asset Turnover Ratio
When you compute this ratio, you’ll discover how many times your fixed asset value is generated in revenue each year. For example, if a company has $1 million in average fixed assets and $4.5 million in annual net sales, the fixed asset turnover ratio will be 4.5.
A low fixed asset turnover ratio indicates that a firm is inefficient in generating income from its assets. A high proportion, on the other side, indicates more efficiency. The Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio is a fantastic tool to compare one firm to another or an industry average. In reality, what constitutes a “good” or “poor” ratio varies greatly depending on the sector.
Each industry must be measured differently based on how it produces income. Some rely heavily on fixed assets such as PP&E, while others rely heavily on current assets such as cash, receivables, or inventories. The various efficiency ratios measure how the firm uses assets to produce revenue and change primarily by adjusting the denominator in the calculation to match the company’s asset base (fixed assets, current assets, working capital, etc.).
Tips for entrepreneurs who desire to employ asset turnover ratios in their firm are provided below.
Understand your benchmarks.
A healthy asset turnover is determined by the sort of environment in which you operate as well as the size of your organization. So you’ll need to figure out the asset turnover rate for a company your size in a similar sector.
Learn why your ratios are higher or lower than the industry average.
If your fixed asset turnover is significantly greater than the industry average, this does not necessarily imply that your capital productivity is better; this might be explained by old depreciated assets that break down often or require extensive manual intervention.
Similarly, suppose your fixed asset turnover is significantly lower than the industry average. In that case, it might be justified by a recent significant investment in new equipment that will give you increased revenues in the near future.
Examine other performance indicators.
In terms of capital productivity, asset turnover ratios are helpful. However, assessing labor productivity is just as essential.
The fixed asset turnover ratio helps determine how well a firm utilizes its fixed assets to produce income without becoming capital heavy fundamentally. The more the ratio, the more efficient the system. However, to be more definite, one must evaluate the ratio’s trajectory over time or compare it to a standard for a particular sector.