Employment labor laws are in place to ensure workers earn a minimum wage, are not overworked, and are compensated when they are injured. As well as this, they also eliminated child labor and work to prevent unsafe work conditions. There are general laws that cover the majority of workers’ rights overall, but each state has the option to add additional protective measures to these laws. A labor law attorney can protect you from legal problems. Legal issues can involve discrimination, wrongful termination, safety, and wages. All of these need to be considered before taking on employees. So here is a rundown of everything you need to know about labor laws.
“At-Will” presumption is the law that makes the presumption that the relationship between the employer and employee is “at-will”. The employer or employee can end the employment for any reason. However, the presumption can be changed if both the employer and employee agree to promises or oral stipulations on how the employment will end. The terms of employment are usually laid out covering areas such as the length of employment and termination of the employee. In cases of disputes, the courts can decide on how these stipulations are determined
Rights in the workplace
Every employee or prospective employee has inviolable rights in the workplace. You cannot discriminate against a potential employee based on gender, race, or nationality. Also, when someone applies for a position, unless they are notified in writing beforehand, an employer cannot perform a background or credit check. Equally, employees have the right to work in an environment free from discrimination with fair compensation. They should also have a right to privacy in a form of storage lockers and private mail.
Laws you need to know
It is of every manager’s benefit to know a certain amount of laws regarding employment. Some of the most important ones are:
- The civil acts right of 1964 prevents sexual harassment and discrimination in hiring and firing.
- The minimum wage law is set by the Fair Labour Standards act but can be increased by individual states.
- There is a limit on how much and what kind of work teenagers can do in their employment
- The occupational safety and health act requires a business to be hazard-free.
- The Pregnancy Discrimination act ensures that a job or promotion cannot be denied due to pregnancy, abortion, or childbirth.
- There can be no age discrimination against applicants over the age of 40 due to the protection of the Age Discrimination in Employment Act.
- Equal pay is required for both male and female employees who have the same skillset and responsibilities
These are but a few of the labor laws that you need to know. There are so many more but you need to make sure that you cover yourself and your business to ensure that you do not get into trouble down the line.
When setting up a business it can be tricky to know what are the processes that should be followed and how to cover yourself so that you are not in trouble. There are plenty of ways to do this but one of the safest ways is to look into hiring a labor employment law.