Islamic Economics in Presidential Election 2019: Synthesis of Tension in Political Islam in Indonesia

By Ahmad Dahlan

The issue of political Islam and the state in Indonesia apparently continues to roll ahead of the 2019 presidential election as President Joko Widodo from the Indonesian Democratic Struggle Party (PDIP) took Professor Ma’ruf Amin as a vice presidential candidate. Ma’ruf Amin is an ulema, scholar, and an expert in Islamic economics.

 

The declaration of cleric Ma’ruf Amin as President Jokowi’s running mate in next year’s presidential election has surprised many as the announcement occurred just hours after former Consitutional Court chief justice Professor Mahfud MD appeared to confirm he was the vice presidential choice of Widodo.

What also made the decision astonishing is the fact that Jokowi was nominated as a presidential candidate by the Struggle Indonesian Democratic Party (PDIP), the ruling party which had been perceived as a nationalist-red party and not too open to Islamic policies, although in the past presidential election, PDIP was supported by a mass Islamic-based party, particularly the United Development Party (PPP), the National Awakening Party (PKB), and several NU cadres.

 Is the election of Amin as Jokowi’s Vice President candidate aimed at alleviating tensions over political Islam within the country or Jokowi is purely  seeking victory?

 
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Feature Image: Indonesian President Joko Widodo (L) and his running mate for the 2019 presidential elections Islamic cleric Ma’ruf Amin (R) meet supporters in Jakarta, Indonesia on August 10, 2018. Darren Whiteside/Reuters

About the Author

Ahmad Dahlan is a doctor in Islamic Economics and Finance, and a lecturer at the Faculty of Economics and Islamic Business, IAIN Purwokerto, Indonesia. He wrote many books, articles, competitive researches; was active in the Sharia Economic Community Expert Council (MES); and served as a Deputy Chair of the Indonesian Economists Association (IAEI), Banyumas Regency. His article, “Political Economy of Islamic Banking in Indonesia,” was recently published in the American International Journal of Social Science (June 2018).

 

References

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4. “Jokowi-Ma’ruf Amin: Politik Identitas VS Isu Ekonomi,” Tempo.co. August 20, 2018.https://fokus.tempo.co/read/1118744/jokowi-maruf-amin-politik-identitas-vs-isu-ekonomi.

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6. At that time invited PP No. 70, 71 and 72 concerning banking based on profit sharing principle.

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8. Bahtiar Effendy, Islam and the state: the transformation of Islamic political ideas and practices in Indonesia, thesis (doctoral), (Ohio: Ohio State University, 1994), p. 214.

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11. Hefner. Public Islam, p. 505.