How Many Types of Stablecoins Are There?


Since the inception of Bitcoin 12 years ago, the cryptocurrency market has witnessed the emergence of numerous altcoins. They’re over 2,200 registered coins in the market, according to the most recent information from CoinMarketCap. People often wonder what kind of returns they may have gotten if they had invested $1,000 in bitcoin at the proper time due to the abundance of possibilities available. The reason behind such speculation is the volatile nature of these assets, whose prices fluctuate based on market supply and demand. This volatility stems from the absence of a central authority governing these coins and their non-official status as state-issued currencies. Consequently, many wonder if there exists a secure mechanism to mitigate this volatility and how it operates. Like Bitcoin investment, you may also want to consider about trading Digital Yuan at

To address this concern, individuals often seek a “safe exit ramp” that can provide stability amidst fluctuations. Such an exit ramp typically refers to a reliable method for converting cryptocurrencies into more stable assets, such as fiat currencies or stablecoins. By utilizing these exit ramps, investors can potentially protect their funds from the inherent volatility of cryptocurrencies. The process involves exchanging the volatile coins for more stable options, either directly or through a trusted cryptocurrency exchange platform.

3 types of Stablecoins

Stablecoins can be categorized into three types based on design: Fiat-collateralized, Crypto-collateralized, and non-collateralized:


The simplest version of Stablecoins operates by producing each coin in the currency it represents. The issuer of the coin handles the production and liquidation processes. This approach mirrors the traditional practice of backing each printed dollar with a specific amount of gold held in the central bank’s safe. The stability of the coin’s price is maintained through a mechanism where if the coin’s value falls below $1, it can be exchanged with the issuer for $1, and vice versa. However, this system relies heavily on the issuer being adequately regulated and fulfilling their obligations regarding deposits and withdrawals. Ensuring proper regulation and the issuer’s integrity is crucial for the functioning of this type of Stablecoin.


In the case of crypto-collateralized Stablecoins, cryptocurrencies like ETH are utilized as collateral for the issuance of stablecoins. However, as the values of these cryptocurrencies are inherently volatile, specific protocols are employed to maintain the stablecoin’s price at $1. To ensure stability, these stablecoins are typically overcollateralized, often at a rate of 200%. This means that even if the price of Ether, for example, were to drop by 25%, the stablecoin can still maintain its stability. This is possible because there would still be $150 worth of ETH collateral supporting the value of the stablecoin, providing a cushion against market fluctuations. By employing an adequate collateralization ratio, these stablecoins aim to mitigate the impact of volatility in the underlying cryptocurrencies, offering users a reliable and stable value representation within the crypto ecosystem.


Unlike other stablecoin designs that rely on collateral, this particular type operates similarly to fiat currencies, with governance provided by a sovereign entity such as a country’s Central Bank. For instance, when considering the USD, it is not been pegged to any specific asset since the collapse of the Bretton Woods Agreement in 1973. Instead, its management is overseen by the US Federal Reserve. This system functions by minting more stablecoins when the demand drives its value above $1 and purchasing them back when their value falls below $1. In this way, the stablecoin maintains its price stability within the market. By utilizing this approach, stablecoins without collateral aim to replicate the monetary policies implemented by traditional central banks, allowing for the dynamic adjustment of coin supply to align with market demand and maintain stability in their value.

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