Agriculture forms the backbone of any country’s economy, and the farmer’s vocation is conditional on the monsoon. Intense climatic situations like storms, shortage, a transition in plant accumulating zones have resulted in a decrease in harvest productivity. In this case, beneficial expenditures for conserving water must be created.
The Romans invented the Sand Dams in 400 BC. This is a less expensive replicable rainwater harvesting technique. It is an easy idea and can furnish sufficient neat drinking water for gardening and agriculture in huge quantities and for an extended duration.
Sand Dams are created by shoveling an intense pit and replenishing it with mortar. This drench is loaded with rain. The dams are normally made across small non-perennial rivers, and the sand becomes about 40% irrigated with water and can carry 2 to 10 million liters of water.
The necessity of sand dams
Sand dams are a considerably cost-effective technique of water preservation in dryland habitats. They deliver an enhanced, regional, and valid water citation for residents in remote, rural regions.
Float valve have great importance in sand dams. They help in maintaining the water flow as they close the hole when the water level increases. This helps in preventing overflow and flooding of farming areas from the water reserved in Sand Dams.
Sand dams are a source of clear water within 30-90 minutes of people’s homes, making it accessible to water for people, harvests, and livestock in water-stressed territories. This leads to a substantial reduction in the time spent to receive water. Hence the farmers can get the power to ramp up the agriculture actions, such as terracing and tree farming.
Agroforestry is an idea in which plants are utilized as a portion of the geography. This tactic helps the soil, animals, and plants alike.
Benefits of Agroforestry are:
- Evaporation can be lessened, due to which the soil and water run-off can be prohibited.
- Shadow tolerant harvests can be cultivated from animal help.
- The fallen leaves and plant remains can form organic manure.
- Multiple products can be farmed and harvested hence.
- By mixing trees, shrubs, and seasonal harvests, the damage caused due to insects, disorders, deficit, and the wind is prohibited.
Combining trees with food harvests on cropland farms produces crucial environmental advantages, resulting in ecological development and certain on-site advantages. The general ecological benefits include:
- Excluding tension on woodland.
- Extra creative recycling of nutrients by deep-rooted trees on the site.
- Nicer safety of ecological systems.
- Deduction of surface run-off, nutrient leaching, and soil decay due to the presence of tree roots.
- Development of microclimates, such as lessening soil surface weather and deduction of evaporation of soil vapor through a mixture of mulching and shading.
It is always proposed that products are accumulated in chains within the areas. For example, native product species are aboriginal to arid regions and are generally drought-tolerant. Also, drought-resistant plants work nicely in a span of soil varieties and can develop even in bad soil with relatively few nutrients. Giving rise to the portion of your ranch will pay incomes, both now and in the future.
The technology of utilizing scarce groundwater optimally by assuring the level is called Laser Leveling. The imbalance of the soil surface influences germination, stand, and gain of harvests. Farmers pay immense time and aid in balancing their areas suitably. But, conventional techniques of leveling territory are cumbersome, time-taking as well as costly.
The advantages of Laser Land Levelling are:
- Thorough dispersion of water
- Conserving water
- Preservation of soil nutrients
- Precision Farming
- Increased harvest productivity
- Limited weed crises
- Conserving time, energy, and resources
Rainwater Harvesting can be clarified as a procedure by which the Rainwater is compiled in IBC totes and tanks and puddles for coming use. Unpredictable climatic situations lead to groundwater wastage to a great extent. This problem can be solved with Rainwater Harvesting. The best part about it is that it can be practiced in any residence or place, ensuring an adequate supply of water for farming.
The world is facing a water crisis. In fighting off this crisis, farmers can try saving water by implementing these five steps.
Despite being an essential commodity, water is also a limited resource. Following proper process can allow farmers to save and reduce their dependencies on resources which are getting ended.