An Overview of PIPs and LOTs in FX Trading


Forex trading in Australia has increased in recent years as more and more people are taking advantage of the decreasing cost of market access. As with any sort of trading, there is important information to master before success may arrive. Traders must understand two critical concepts: PIPs (price interest points) and lots. This overview will discuss these terms in FX trading and how they affect trades.

What are pips?

PIPs represent the smallest increment by which the value of a currency pair can change. A PIP typically equals one-hundredth of a per cent or 0.01%. If you are trading EUR/USD, a move from 1.3100 to 1.3101 would be one PIP.

What are lots?

Lots are the unit size of a trade you place in the market. A standard lot typically represents 100,000 units of a currency pair, so if you buy one lot of EUR/USD at 1.3100 and the price moves up to 1.3150, your profit will be 50 pips or 500 points. However, it is essential to note that different brokers may offer different sizes for their lots (e.g. mini-lots). Before trading, you must check with your broker what size they use for their lots.

How do PIPs and LOTs affect FX trading?

An understanding of PIPs and LOTs is crucial to calculating potential profits or losses from trading. As a general rule, the higher your leverage in your trades, the greater the risk and the potentially more significant returns. When deciding how much leverage to use in your trades, it is essential to consider both PIPs and LOTs.

For example, if you are trading EUR/USD with 1:100 leverage at 1.3100 and the price moves up just one pip (1.3101), your return will be 0.01%. However, if you trade one Lot instead of mini-Lots with that same trade, your return will be ten times higher (10x more) since the Lot size is more significant.

Why do I need to know about this?

Pips and lots, being terms of measurement, do not carry special significance for trading returns or risk, but they are vital if you want to calculate your exposure and potential returns accurately. By understanding the basic mathematics behind pip and lot calculations, you can help enhance your backtesting and other trading activities.


Leverage can be a double-edged sword, magnifying profits and losses. As with any leveraged instrument, traders should only risk what they are comfortable losing when trading FX – and knowing the size of different lots is vital to understanding the extent of your leverage.

Market volatility risk

The foreign exchange market is highly volatile and can move quickly, leading to significant price swings in both directions. Traders must ensure they have sufficient capital to absorb potential losses caused by this volatility. Understanding the different terminology and methods for measuring exposure is essential to proper risk management.

Stop-loss orders

Stop-loss orders protect against significant losses and can be extremely helpful if the market moves in an unexpected direction. However, traders need to be aware of slippage, which occurs when a stop order is executed at a different price than the one set.

Why are PIPs and Lots essential in forex trading?

Traders need to understand PIPs and LOTs for several reasons, including calculating potential profits or losses from trades, understanding the risks of trading in volatile markets, and setting stop-loss orders.

PIPs and LOTs provide traders with an insight into how much risk they are willing to take on and what potential returns they can expect when trading a particular currency pair. As such, PIPs and LOTs are essential components of forex trading in Australia as in all other markets.

They help traders limit their risk

PIPs and LOTs are essential tools for limiting risk. By understanding how much each pip movement is worth concerning the size of your Lot, you can better decide how much leverage to use when trading. They also help to protect against significant losses by using stop-loss orders.

They help traders understand their potential gains or losses

By understanding PIPs and LOTs, traders can calculate the exact potential profits or losses from a trade before they enter it. It helps them control their risk and make more informed decisions about whether or not to take on a particular position.

They provide a way to diversify trading

PIPs and LOTs enable traders to diversify their trades, as they can trade multiple pairs at different leverage levels, allowing them to spread the risk across multiple positions.

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